A Multistage Evolutionary Algorithm for Better Diversity Preservation in Multiobjective Optimization


Diversity preservation is a crucial technique in multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs), which aims at evolving the population toward the Pareto front (PF) with a uniform distribution and a good extensity. In spite of many diversity preservation approaches in existing MOEAs, most of them encounter difficulties in tackling complex PFs. This article gives a detail introduction to existing diversity preservation approaches, as well as a revelation of the limitations of them. To address the limitations of existing diversity preservation approaches, this article proposes a multistage MOEA for better diversity performance. The proposed MOEA divides the optimization process into multiple stages according to the population in each generation, and updates the population by different steady-state selection schemes in different stages. According to the experimental results on 21 benchmark problems, the proposed MOEA exhibits better diversity performance than 11 existing MOEAs.

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems